The delineations of the marks for the tours will be special and must not influence the way of producing the products, these markings are only a guide so that the plant can be modular flexible and configurable to changes in real time. The rout flows for the transport and handling systems will be marked along with RFID or QR labels, these systems will communicate with the transport and handling systems and will allow guiding them according to the route programming they must carry out.
In stage 2 the factors related to production and Industry 4. Following the case study, Fig. The design follows the areas analyzed previously in the relationship diagram; the facilities of this plant were designed in a modular way, that is to say that the walls, machines, equipment and other factors can be configured according to production requirements. Once the complete design of the layout is obtained, a simulation of the productive process is made according to the configurations that can be made after the customized products production.
The simulation will allow analyzing the production process in terms of capacities, line balancing, inventories, routes, etc. Depending on the activity of the layout design project that is being conducted, the criteria may change, for the case study some criteria have been defined to be considered for the layout evaluation, such as:. Manpower: Reduce or make flexible workers at the time to do multiple tasks. Production capacity: Maximum utilization of the production capacity of the machines and the plant. Flow of route material: Refers to minimize the distances traveled by the materials within the process.
Cycle time: Refers to minimize the time that it takes to produce a number of products in a specific time. It is recommended to generate simulation scenarios for each layout made in order to evaluate their behavior and functionality. In the case of the coffee processing plant, 2 layouts alternatives were initially represented as shown in Fig. The multicriteria evaluation is conducted in order to know which layout will be the most suitable for the final design of the plant.
To do this, first of all, the alternatives are evaluated according to some established criteria with their respective weighting scales; to do this the following steps are followed see Fig. Define the actions: The actions refer to the possible alternatives that one wish to evaluate, for our case they will be the layouts. Define the criteria: The criteria can be qualitative or quantitative and are defined according to what one wants to evaluate in the project.
Design of Industrial Information Systems
Model the preferences: That is, how two actions are compared, the possible results can be of type preference, indifference, incomparable. The multicriteria evaluation for the case of layout designs of the coffee processing plant was made through the Visual-Promethee Version 1. Finally, according to the designer's decisions about the type of evaluation conducted to define the best layout, a definitive layout design will be obtained for its implementation.
The final layout must contain detailed information of the entire production system, in accordance with current regulations and the consideration of being flexible in the case of Industry 4. Also, in this phase it is necessary to make plans, videos and images about the final layout in order to show the results obtained, as shown in Fig.
Source: The authors Figure. The methodology proposed for the design of plant distribution is based fundamentally on the approach of the industry 4.
Although the term of industry 4. The smart factory is not far from being conceived for the coming years, since nowadays all the elements that are part of the industry 4. The modular design of the facilities with respect to their production system will allow all the factors that are part of it to be easily adapted to configurations after the production of personalized products or the introduction of new products.
Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 39, pp. DOI: Springer International Publishing, pp. Technologien und Migration [Online], Handbuch Industrie 4. Boston Consulting Group, International Journal of Simulation and Process Modelling, 9 , pp. International Journal of Engineering [Online], 6 2 , pp. Purdue University Press, How to cite: Alpala, L. DYNA, 85 , pp.
Design of Industrial Information Systems
He has experience in teaching and research in industrial plant design, simulation and optimization, planning and control of production and computer-aided design. His current lines of research are computer aided design, simulation and optimization, virtual reality, data analytics, Industry 4.
ORCID: Her research areas include production planning and control, order management, supply chain management in a deterministic and uncertain context approached both qualitatively through conceptual frameworks and conceptual models and quantitatively, through mathematical and simulation models in isolated or integrated in Decision support systems in different sectors including the agricultural one. He undertook his doctoral internship at KU Leuven - Belgium. In His main research interests are dimensionality reduction, and spectral methods for data clustering and representation.
With ability to manage, lead and coordinate processes in the areas of industrial maintenance, production management, industrial safety, training systems, process improvement and application of management concepts. Rosero, received the BSc.
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Is full-time professor and research coordinator of the Industrial Engineering program of the Faculty of Engineering of the Cooperativa University of Colombia - Pasto headquarter. Experience in university teaching in the areas of computer aided design CAD and research methodology. Research experience focused on the areas of materials and food industry. Torres, is a full professor of the University of Granada, Spain, Sp. His current research interests include volume and solid modeling, virtual reality, octree representation, GIS, geometric algorithms and computer graphics applications to cultural heritage.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. Services on Demand Article. English pdf Article in xml format Article references How to cite this article Automatic translation Send this article by e-mail. Abstract The design of the industrial facilities distribution is one of the most important decisions to be made, as it will condition the operation thereof. Introduction The industry 4. Next, the stages of the proposed methodology are analyzed through the case study: 3. Stage 1: analysis of products-quantities This phase is the starting point of the methodology and refers to the study and analysis of the products and quantities that will be manufactured in the plant, that is why the following items should be analyzed at least to be taken into account in the design of the industrial installation: Market study and demand foresight, manufacturing strategy according to the degree of product personalization, type of plant distribution, capacity analysis of the product.
Stage 2: analysis and representation of the productive process In the analysis and representation of the productive process, material flows, information, distances, cycle times, work stations, inventories, etc. Stage 3: analysis of factors and limitations The factors in a production plant are those that intervene in the productive process in a variable or susceptible way of variation and which alteration causes modifications in the result of the production process. Stage 4: Analysis of Area relationship In this stage, an analysis is made about all the areas that will be part of the industrial installation, including the administrative area, service area, maneuvering yards and green areas.
Diagram of area relationship The diagram of area relationship for the case study of the coffee processing plant is represented in the diagram in Fig. Worksheet of area relationship The worksheet is an intermediate stage between the area relationship diagram and the block and flow dimensionless diagram since it identifies the areas relationships that exist for each factor, obtaining the basic data to elaborate the block dimensionless diagram. Flow and block dimensionless diagram The block dimensionless diagram is the first representation attempt of the plant distribution; this is the result of the area relationship diagram and the worksheet.
Stage 5: analysis of the relation of spaces This stage must be worked in depth taking into account architectural and Industrial Engineering concepts, in this way it allows to achieve a layout according to the needs of the production system and Industry 4. To make the analysis of spaces relationship, it must be taken into account the aspects that are exposed in the following subsections: 3.
Spaces design that includes the concept of modular distribution For this research it has been proposed to work as shown in Fig. Analysis of factors production and Industry 4. Simulation of the plant productive process Once the complete design of the layout is obtained, a simulation of the productive process is made according to the configurations that can be made after the customized products production.
Stage 6: generation of design alternatives 3. Cost: Refers to minimize costs related to the handling of materials inside the plant. Generation of layout alternatives It is recommended to generate simulation scenarios for each layout made in order to evaluate their behavior and functionality. Storage operations. Output operations. Screen and report generators. Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor for non-MIS students. Limits and continuity.
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